Wednesday, October 17, 2012


School:                               Science and Engineering
Course of Studies:            B.Sc. in Textile Engineering

Supervising Teacher    
Professor Dr. Md. Abul Kalam Azad
Guest Faculty,  Professor.
Department of Textile engineering,
Southeast University.

Barriers of production are the major issue in apparel garmentmanufacturing which determines the effectiveness of total garments system and run the process towards the up to mark standard. The main objective of this project is to determine the suitable tools can be used specially for textile garments manufacturing, find out the problems restricting the production, generating proper solution and implement them in a proper way. In this study all data included of production capacity both for past state and present state which shows the comparative improvement of before implementation and after implementation of these tools. Methodology of this project was to find out the barriers, non productive time and determine the best possible way to eliminate major problems which are responsible for productivity loss in apparel garments sector.

The phase-out of the quota is likely to have particular significance for the export of Bangladesh apparels to the US market. MFA’s impacts are not much related to a question of our $2 billion exports to the USA; or the $5 billion worth of exports made by Bangladesh globally. Rather, it is a question of how Bangladesh’s entire economy will be affected by the issue of quota phase out. Readymade garment exports constitute about 85% of Bangladesh’s annual export and provide direct employment to 1.5 million females and indirectly an additional 8 to 10 million people. The global clothing trade is evolving on a continuous basis and that the phase out of quota restrictions and forming of trade blocs has become a reality. Moreover Bangladesh is convulsed by fierce class struggles, centered on the country’s garment industry. Many tens of thousands of workers have gone on strike, blocked roads, attacked factories and other buildings, demonstrated, fought the police and rioted in the streets. Every day comes news of fresh strikes in a variety of industries —mainly the ready-made garment (RMG) sector, but also mill workers, river transport workers, rail workers, journalists, lecturers and teachers. A massive army and police presence around garment factories, in some cases completely blockading and creating check points for entry to Export ProcessingZones, temporarily calmed things; but strikes continued to take place at numerous factories, leading to solidarity strikes from nearby workplaces and semi- spontaneous demonstrations.

Industrial Attachment Course is an academic function of the Textile Engineering Department of Southeast University.
At first we desire to express our deepest sense of gratitude of almighty Allah for giving us knowledge, energy and patience for completing the project work successfully.
A number of people have made significant contributions in preparing this report. Their insights, advice and suggestions helped us a lot.
We wish to express our deepest gratitude to Syed Fakhrul Hasan, Professor & Chairman of Textile Engineering Department, SEU, for his continuous guidance, invaluable & constructive comments and endless encouragement throughout the research work and the preparation of this project. With profound regard we gratefully acknowledge our respected  teacher Professor Dr. Md. Abul Kalam Azad  his generous help and day to day suggestion during preparation of the project. Guest Faculty, Department of Textile Engineering, SEU. He has enriched us with necessary ideas and concepts for incessant improvement of the report.
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to Mr. Salahuddin Ahmed, AGM(IE),  for providing us all necessary information & guide line. His valuable opinion has enriched our knowledge to carry out the training and portray the information in a logical sequence
We like to give thanks especially to our friends and many individuals, for their enthusiastic encouragements and helps during the preparation of this report us by sharing ideas regarding this topic.
We would like to thank and acknowledge to all Operators, Workers, Production Officers, Production managers, Work study Officers, IT Officers, AGM of all sections, Sardagonj, Kashimpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
Finally, thanks for those who helped us directly and indirectly during the different stages of the present project work.

2.1. Factors of higher production:
2.2. Problems Regarding With RMG
2.3. Safety Problems
2.4. External and Internal Barriers of Higher Production
2.4.1. Economical problems: Community problems: Political problems: Hartal : Strike : Internal politics : Transportation problem: Internal transportation: External transportation: Drudge Problem:
2.5. Inventory Section
2.6. Cutting section
2.6.1 Remedies :
2.7. Production section :
2.8. Finishing section :
3.1. Tools & Equipments to be used for doing this work:
3.2. Procedure/Method for doing this job:
3.3. Flow chart of Garments manufacturing:
3.4. Barriers of each section and its remedies:
3.4.1. Sample section:
3.4.2. Cutting section: Worker’s absenteeism of Spreading: Delay fabric receiving: Power Problem Type of marker
3.5. Other common barriers of cutting section
3.6. Suggestion for cutting floor to DBL group
3.7. Future invention
3.8.  Sewing section:
3.8.1.  Different types of sewing defects:
3.8.2. Reason of needle breakage:
3.8.3.  Sewing section problems
3.9. Finishing section:
3.10. Social &Environmental Information in DBL Group:
3.10.1. Scope of employment opportunity:
3.10.2.  Internship Program:
3.10.3. Environmental pollution control:
 3.10.4.  Noise, dust pollution control and air emission:
3.10.5.  Health, Safety and hygiene awareness:
3.11.  Policy Regime of Government
3.12. Infrastructural Impediments
3.13.  Labor Productivity
3.14.  Supportive Government Policy
3.15.  Limitations of the Report
4.2. RECOMMENDATION FOR THE COMPANY Shrinkage data    Error
8.4.4      Experiment No: 01.
8.4.5      Experimental data: 02
9.            Steam relax dryer description:
9.1.1      Features:
9.1.2      Technical specifications:
9.1.3      High Efficiency Blower Device of Drying:               
9.1.4      Over feeding area:
9.1.5      Structure of Nozzle:
9.1.6      Air contorl & speed system:
 9.1.7     Oil Heating Media:          
9.1.8      Extra Accessories:           
10.          Data from steam dryer:
10.1        Experiment No: 01         
10.2        Experiment No: 02
11.          Discussion:
12.          Conclusion:
List of table:
List of figure

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Friday, October 5, 2012


Coloration that produces a very pale shade. A tint usually represents the minimum amount of color that will give perceptible appearance of coloration. In yarn processing, fugitive tints are used for identification, and then removed in wet processing.

Tinting (also called over-dyeing) Laundries often tint denim to try to make it look more vintage, or to achieve a different cast. The telltale signs of a pair of jeans that have been tinted are that the pocket lining and labels are dyed as well as the jeans.


The standard route to blasting/discharging/tinting is quite elaborate, in the light of three effects to be imparted on the same garment. There have been short cuts, which may be right/wrong/ingenious. If tinting is done on blasted/discharged areas, it obviously remains a spray method. However, if the tinting is overall, it follows the dyeing route. The process starts on gray garment being hand blasted followed by desizing and biopolishing. After drying the garment, tint-spray is given followed by air/machine drying and finishing. For tinting by dyeing method, the biopolished garment can straight away go for tinting wet-on-wet followed by finishing and drying.
In case of white discharge tinting the route would start with desizing-biopolishing on gray garment, peroxide bleaching after biopolishing being optional. After drying the garment, a potassium permanganate spray is given to areas where white discharge is aimed at. After air-drying for about 10-15 minutes, a neutralization step consisting of provide-acetic acid is given which is followed by hot and cold rinses. In case of spray tinting the garment will have to be dried first, whereas for overall tinting, dyeing the method could be followed wet-on-wet. Finally the finishing and drying would complete the process.


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Wish you good luck