Friday, October 28, 2011

Modern textile testing and quality control equipment

Modern textile testing and quality control equipment:




Quality: Quality is the attribute of the products that determines its fitness for use, or according to Japanese Standard (JIS), textile (fibre, polymer, yarn, fabric) quality is all specific properties and performance of a textile product or service that can be evaluated to determine whether a product or services satisfactorily meets the purposes of its uses. The level of quality is measured by “ inherent properties and performances which is the subjects of evaluation or the characteristic related to its phsico-mechanical or chemical properties, dimension, longevity, durability utilization or any other requirement used to define the of the product or service is known as “quality characteristics”.

Standard: It is an agreed document established mainly with respect to technical matters related directly or indirectly to an article or service. So that profit or convenience may be obtained with fairness among the person concerned.

Testing:  The way to control or the way to check or verify the nature & characteristics. Or, the way to checking or verifying.


Modern Fibre or Polymer Quality Testing Equipment:
Fibre characteristics must be classified according to a certain sequence of importance with respect to the end product and the spinning process. Moreover, such quantified characteristics must also be assessed with reference to the following
• What is the ideal value?
• What amount of variation is acceptable in the bale material?
• What amount of variation is acceptable in the final blend?

Textile fibre contains some basic characteristics. 
Following are the basic characteristics of cotton fibre
• Fiber length
• Fineness
• Strength
• Maturity
• Rigidity
• Fiber friction
• Structural features

Name Of The Machine for fibre testing and quality control
Function of the Fibre/ Polymer Quality testing machine
1.HVI (High Volume Instrument)
It’s a very popular fibre characterization and quality testing machine in USA, UK, China, Korea and other countries. It is very cause sensitive and provides perfect fibre quality testing result.
50% span length, 2.5% span length, Uniformity ratio, Mic value, Color grade, Maturity ratio, gm/tex (tenacity), SFI (Short Fibre Index) etc.
Suitable for knitted yarn production.
2.AFIS (Advance Fibre Information System)
It is also popular fibre testing machine and very cause sensitive and provides perfect fibre quality testing result.
50% span length, 2.5% span length, Upper half length, Trash%, Neps, Seed coat neps both in number & weight, short fibre content, Maturity ratio, fibre strength etc.
Suitable for export woven fabric production.
3.Digital Fibre Graph
It is also popular fibre quality testing equipment and used to measure 50% span length, 2.5% span length, Uniformity ratio.
4.Digital Moisture meter
It is also popular fibre quality testing equipment and used to measure Directly Moisture content % is determined.     
5.Trash Selection
It is also popular fibre quality testing equipment and used to measure Trash% in raw cotton is found out.
6.Sling Hygrometer
It is also popular fibre quality testing equipment and used to measure Directly RH% is measured.
7.Precision Polarizing Microscope
Ihis type of testing machine is used for Fibre identified with digital photographs, maturity ratio.
8.Stetometer with Torsion Balance
Bundle fibre strength is measured by this testing machine.
9.Instron
This type of testing machine is rear in used. Single fibre strength is measured (research based) by this testing equipment.


Modern Yarn Quality Testing Equipment:

Yarn is a main element for textile production. Good yarn contains some characteristics. The main characteristics are strength, elongation, hairiness, uniformity, diameter etc.

Name Of The Machine for yarn testing and quality control
Function of the Yarn Quality testing machine
1.Uster Evenness Tester 4&5
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
U%, CV%, Imperfection (Thick place /1000m, Thin place/1000m, Neps /1000m), Irregularity index, Relative count, hairiness etc. In case of UT-5 polypropylene content in yarn is also determined recently.
2.Uster Tenso Jet
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
 Single yarn strength & Elongation% is determined.
3.Uster Tenso Kind
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
Lea strength, Breaking force, Elongation% determined.
4.Uster Tenso Rapid
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
Single yarn strength, Lea strength & Fabric strength, Elongation% is determined.
5.Uster Classimat
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
Yarn fault in category wise determined (23-27 categories).
6.Auto Cone Winder
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
Auto splicing, Slubs removes in running m/c.
7.Uster Auto Sorter
This yarn quality testing equipment is used to measure
Rapidly Yarn count, Sliver/Roving hank etc


Modern Fabric Quality Testing Equipment:

Textile fabrics are made for various purpose, each of which has different performance needs. The chemical and physical states of textile fabric identify what will the end use of this, and ultimately whether it is reasonable for a specific use. Fabric testing makes a crucial role in gauging product quality, ensuring regulatory compliance and assessing the perfection of textile materials. It provides information about the physical or structural, chemical and performance properties of the textile. As user become more aware and more demanding of products, the number of tests required for textile fabrics has grown. As a result the testing of fabrics is increasingly varied, in constant flux and full of the unprecedented challenges of globalization. With the onset of modern types of fabrics for the garments factory and of technical textiles for functional applications, and with the growing number of invention taking place in the apparel sector, fabric testing processes have undergone tremendous changes and there is required to realize all the procedures before a testing method is involved to investigate the performance of fabrics. 

Name Of The Machine for fabric testing and quality control
Function of the Fabric Quality testing machine
1.Automatic Pick Counter
Ends/inch & Picks/inch is digitally measured.
2.Universal Titan
Fabric strength, Elongation with printed form.
3.Spectro Photometer/Data
   Color
Pass/fail (quality if fabric), Recipe formulation, Grey scale value, Whiteness value, Shade% etc is determined.
4.Wascator
Shrinkage% is determined by programming.
5.Martindile Abrasion &
   Pilling tester
 Abrasion resistance as well as pill formation on the fabric is determined.
6.Seam Slippage Tester
Seam strength & Elongation % is determined.
7.GSM Cutter with Balance
GSM of the fabric is measured.
8.Color dispenser
Automatically stock solution is prepared according to Programming.
9.Megasol
Light fastness of the dyed fabric is determined digitally.

You should read RELATED POST for more information
Wish you good luck..............................................


1 comment:

  1. Buy Remi Walk In Stability Chamber in India. Get best and cheap prices with installation guide. Know the features, application, technical specification, certificates and product comparison for Remi Walk In Stability Chamber

    Walk In Stability Chamber|| Laboratory Stability Chamber

    ReplyDelete